The U. Army built Fort Gatlin south of the present day Orlando City limits to protect settlers from attacks by Indians. Bya small community had grown up around the Fort. It was known as Jernigan, named after the Jernigan family, who had established the first permanent settlement in the area.
Jernigan had a post office, established May 30, Six years later with the settlement expanding northward, the community officially changed its name to Orlando.
Post Office adopted the name change. The Town of Orlando was incorporated in with 85 inhabitants, 22 of whom were qualified voters. History is not as clear on where the name Orlando originated. There are four stories that are told. One involves Judge James Speer, who worked hard in getting Orlando as the county seat, naming Orlando after a man who once worked for him.
A third version has Mr. Orlando on his way to Tampa with a caravan of ox. The final theory is about a company of soldiers on duty during the height of the Seminole Wars. After battling Indians back into the swamps on the east side of Lake Minnie now Cherokeethe military troop settled there for the night. Sentinel Orlando Reeves was guarding the camp when he spotted a log floating c64 character editor him.
Recognizing the Indian disguise and wanting to warn his fellow soldiers, he fired his gun. Arrows felled the poor fellow as the Indians came out to ambush the camp. The Indians were chased back again, and the south side of Lake Eola was chosen to bury Orlando Reeves. Observed holidays. Subscribe to City News. Information Locator. The City of Orlando strives to make our online services accessible for everyone.
If you require a reasonable accommodation, please email your request to ADARequest orlando.
Skip to main content. Your current preferred language is English Spanish Select this as your preferred language. Open side Menu. Home - City of Orlando - Logo. Open Search. James R. Hill - District 5 Bakari F.
Share Facebook Twitter Email Print. Back to top. Notice for Event Permits. As a proactive effort to minimize COVID exposure within our community, we will not be issuing permits for events taking place Monday, March 16 through Thursday, April 30, Scheduled events are cancelled through April 15, This includes safety demonstrations, tours, CPR trainings, parades, dinners at the firehouse, the Randall R.
Tuten Orlando Fire Museum and similar activities and events.Orlando is a town in Logan and Payne counties in the U. The population was at the census, compared to at the census. Before the opening of the Cherokee Outlet for settlement, this community was called Cherokee, but the name was changed to Orlando, when a post office was opened on July 18, Early Orlando had a colorful history. InOliver Yantis, a member of the Doolin Gang, was wounded and captured outside of the town. He was brought into Orlando, where he died.
Ina group of con artists bought some homesteads near the town, salted them with gold nuggets and started a gold rush. Several townspeople lost a great deal of money before the plot was exposed. Ina woman who had bought adulterated kerosene for the lamps in her house. The impure material exploded when she lit the lamps, starting a fire that killed her, two children and spread to several nearby houses.
A tornado killed two people and destroyed several houses. Construction of Lake Carl Blackwell in the s forced about families that had regularly traded in Orlando to move away. Passenger train service through Orlando ceased after World War II ended, and construction of I caused the town to lose most of its commercial highway traffic after As of the census  ofthere were people, 74 households, and 52 families residing in the town.
The population density was There were 88 housing units at an average density of The racial makeup of the town was There were 74 households out of which The average household size was 2. In the town, the population was spread out with The median age was 32 years. For every females, there were Located in Central Floridait is the center of the Orlando metropolitan areawhich had a population of 2, according to U.
Census Bureau figures released in July These figures make it the 23rd-largest metropolitan area  in the United States, the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the Southern United Statesand the third-largest metropolitan area in Florida.
As ofOrlando had an estimated city-proper population ofmaking it the 71st-largest city in the United States, the fourth-largest city in Florida, and the state's largest inland city. Orlando is one of the most visited cities in the world primarily driven by tourism, major events, and convention traffic, in the city drew more than 75 million visitors. The city is also one of the busiest American cities for conferences and conventions; the Orange County Convention Center is the second-largest convention facility in the United States.
Like other major cities in the Sun BeltOrlando grew rapidly from the s up into the first decade of the 21st century. Orlando is home to the University of Central Floridawhich is the largest university campus in the United States in terms of enrollment as of [update].
Fort Gatlinas the Orlando area was once known, was established at what is now just south of the city limits by the 4th U. Artillery under the command of Ltc. Alexander C. Fanning on November 9,during the construction of a series of fortified encampments across Florida during the Second Seminole War. Gatlin, an Army physician who was killed in Dade's Massacre on December 28, The site of construction for Fort Gatlin, a defensible position with fresh water between three small lakes, was likely chosen because the location was on a main trail and is less than yards from a nearby Council Oak tree where Native Americans had traditionally met.
King Phillip and Coacoochee frequented this area and the tree was alleged to be the place where the previous ambush that had killed over soldiers had been planned. Prior to being known by its current name, Orlando was once known as Jernigan. This name originates from the first permanent settlers, Issac and Aaron Jernigancattlemen who acquired land 2 miles 3.
Fort Gatlin was briefly reoccupied by the military for a few weeks during October and November and subsequently a volunteer militia was left to defend the settlement.
One of the county's first records, a grand jury 's report, mentions a stockade where it states homesteaders were "driven from their homes and forced to huddle together in hasty defences [sic]. A Post Office opened at Jernigan in Jernigan appears on an map of Florida and by the area had become the county seat of Orange County. The move is believed to be sparked, in part, by Aaron Jernigan's fall from grace after he was relieved of his militia command by military officials in His behavior was so notorious that Secretary of War Jefferson Davis wrote, "It is said they [Jernigan's militia] are more dreadful than the Indians.
They were then transported to Ocalabut escaped. There are at least five stories as to how Orlando got its name. The most common stories are that the name Orlando originated from the tale of a man who died in during an attack by Native Americans in the area during the Second Seminole War.
Several of the stories relay an oral history of the marker for a person named Orlando, and the double entendre"Here lies Orlando. At a meeting indebate had grown concerning the name of the town. Pioneer William B.
Hull recalled how James Speer a local resident, and prominent figure in the stories behind the naming of Orlando rose in the heat of the argument and said, "This place is often spoken of as 'Orlando's Grave. Through a retelling of history, it is believed that a marker of some sort was indeed found by one of the original pioneers.The following is a timeline of the history of the city of OrlandoFloridaUnited States.
History in Orlando
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The seal of Florida reflects the state's Native American history. Cities - Counties - Politics. HarrisPresidential Election This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. August Chronicling America. Washington DC: Library of Congress. Retrieved August 11, City of Orlando. Mathews Journal of the American Water Works Association.
Patterson University of Central Florida, Libraries. Alicoate, ed. Norway: Roman Catholic Diocese of Oslo. Retrieved April 22, Kisling, Jr. Zoo and Aquarium History. Nonprofit Explorer. New York: ProPublica.Many people have grown up with Oreo cookies.
The "twist or dunk" debate has been around for decades, with one side claiming that the chocolate sandwich cookie is best separated into two halves and eaten as such and the other side claiming that the treats are meant to be enjoyed by dunking them straight into a glass of milk.
Whatever camp you are a part of, it is safe to say that most find the cookie delicious. Oreos have become an icon of 20th-century culture. From Oreo-based dessert recipes spreading on the internet to festival favorites featuring the beloved cookie, it is clear that the world has a soft spot for this famous snack, and the cookie has only grown in popularity since it was invented inpropelling it to the rank of best-selling cookie in the United States.
Inseveral baking companies merged to form the National Biscuit Company, also called Nabisco. This was the beginning of the corporation that would create the Oreo cookie.
InNabisco rolled out Barnum's Animal Crackers for the first time, making them famous by selling them in a little box designed like a circus animal cage that featured an attached string so that the box could be hung on Christmas trees. InNabisco had an idea for a new cookie, though it wasn't exactly its own—two chocolate disks with a creme filling in between had been done already by the Sunshine Biscuits company inwhich called the cookie Hydrox.
While Nabisco has never named Hydrox as its inspiration, the Oreo cookie invented four years after the world was introduced to Hydrox closely resembled the biscuit that preceded it: two decorated chocolate discs with white creme sandwiched between them. Despite its potentially suspicious origination, the Oreo made a name for itself and quickly surpassed the popularity of its competitor.
Nabisco made sure to file for a trademark on the new cookie soon after its creation on March 14, The request was granted on August 12, When the cookie was first introduced init appeared as an Oreo Biscuit, which changed in to an Oreo Sandwich.
There was another name change in to Oreo Creme Sandwich before the company settled on the name that was decided upon in Oreo Chocolate Sandwich Cookie. Despite the roller coaster of official name changes, most people have always referred to the cookie simply as an "Oreo. So where did the "Oreo" part even come from? The people at Nabisco aren't quite sure anymore.
Some believe that the cookie's name was taken from the French word for goldor the main color on early Oreo packaging. Others claim the name stemmed from the hill-shaped test version that never even made it to store shelves, inspiring the cookie prototype to be named the Greek word for mountain, oreo.You can't truly understand Orlando without finding out how it came to be a tourism behemoth in the first place.
Orlando may have begun life as a sleepy little Southern town, but it sure didn't stay that way for long. Over the years, the city has dramatically transformed itself into an international vacation destination and the theme-park capital of the world. Orlando welcomes nearly 50 million visitors annually from all over the globe. What began with plantations, cattle ranches, and orange groves now boasts the world's greatest collection of thrill rides, fine dining, luxury accommodations, and superior shopping -- not to mention an array of cultural and natural attractions.
This, however, did not all happen overnight. Over the years, Orlando has felt its fair share of growing pains, even during its earliest days. Lost in the international shuffle were the Seminole Indians. After migrating from Georgia and the Carolinas in the late 18th century to some of Florida's richest farmlands, they were viewed by the new Americans as an obstacle to white settlement. A series of compromise treaties and violent clashes between settlers and the Seminoles continued throughwhen a young warrior named Osceola strode up to the bargaining table, slammed his knife into the papers on it, and, pointing to the quivering blade, proclaimed, "The only treaty I will ever make is this!
With that dramatic statement, the hostilities worsened. The Seminoles' guerrilla-style warfare thwarted the U. Army's attempt to remove them for almost 8 years, during which time many of the resisters drifted south into the interior of Central Florida.
In what today is the Orlando area, the white settlers built Fort Gatlin in to offer protection to pioneer homesteaders. The Seminoles kept up a fierce rebellion untilwhen, undefeated, they accepted a treaty whereby their remaining numbers about were given land and promised peace.
The same year, the Armed Occupation Act offered acres to any pioneer willing to settle in the area for a minimum of 5 years. The land was fertile: Wild turkeys and deer abounded in the woods, grazing land for cattle was equally plentiful, and dozens of lakes provided fish for settlers and water for livestock.
Inwhat had been Mosquito County was more invitingly renamed Orange County. And with the Seminoles more or less out of the picture though sporadic uprisings still occurredthe Territorial General Legislature petitioned Congress for statehood. Settlements and statehood notwithstanding, at the middle of the 19th century, the Orlando area then named Jernigan for one of its first settlers consisted largely of pristine lakes and pine-forested wilderness.
There were no roads, and you could ride all day if you could find a trail without meeting a soul. The Jernigans successfully raised cattle, and their homestead was given a post office in It became a way stop for travelers and the seat of future development. Inthe boundaries of Orange County were revised, and, thanks to the manipulations of resident James Gamble Speer, a member of the Indian Removal Commission, Fort Gatlin Jernigan became its official seat.
How the fledgling town came to be named Orlando is a matter of some speculation. Some say Speer renamed the town after a dearly loved friend, whereas other sources say it was named after a Shakespearean character in As You Like It. But the most accepted version is that the town was named for plantation owner Orlando Reeves or Reeswhose homestead had been burned out in a skirmish.
For years, it was thought a marker discovered near the shores of Lake Eola, in what is now downtown, marked his grave.It has saddened me for years that most of the millions of tourists who visit central Florida's theme parks each year have never seen the real Orlando.
International Drive, Lake Buena Vista, Osceola County and the area around the theme parks has expanded to serve the tourists. But it is not the real Orlando, Florida. The U. Army built Fort Gatlin southeast of present day downtown Orlando to protect settlers from the Indians.
Bya small settlement known as Jernigan had grown up around the Fort. The name came from the Jernigan family, early settlers in the area. ByJernigan had a post office, and by the community had expanded northward, and changed its name to Orlando.
Inthe U. Post Office adopted the name change. The Town of Orlando was incorporated in with 85 residents, 22 of whom were qualified voters.
Now for the part of the history of Orlando that is still cloudy: where did the name come from? Orlando citizens have their own favorite version. I recently heard from Carolyn Pangborna descendant of Judge Speer.
She provided historical references which lead me to believe it was the Judge who came up with the name. The name was timely because the history of Orlando since the end of the Seminole Wars has been one of steady growth. It was a quiet country town during the war, but had a population explosion in the years from to The "Great Freeze" of forced many small owners to give up their groves.
Owners of bigger groves added to their holdings, and they became "citrus barons". Many of them bought land and expanded their operations south of Orlando in the area around Lake Wales.
Orlando, as Florida's largest inland city, became a popular resort during the years between the Spanish-American War and World War One. The Florida Land Boom also affected Orlando in the 's.
Land prices skyrocketed. Many magnificent tourist facilities, such as the elegant San Juan Hotel, were built during these heady years. During this period many neighborhoods near downtown Orlando were developed. The many small bungalows that still exist in these areas are part of the history of Orlando and a key component of the city's charm. There was a lot of military activity in Orlando before, during and after World War Two.
A new airport was built 10 miles south of Orlando to replace the municipal airport.